Compare 529 Plans by Features

Plan

State tax recapture provisions

A nonqualified withdrawal from an Alabama 529, plus 10 percent of the amount of the withdrawal, is included in Alabama taxable income to the extent of prior Alabama tax deductions. Outbound rollovers are also subject to recapture.

A nonqualified withdrawal from an Alabama 529, plus 10 percent of the amount of the withdrawal, is included in Alabama taxable income to the extent of prior Alabama tax deductions. Outbound rollovers are also subject to recapture.

Not applicable. Alaska does not have a personal income tax.

AZ ABLE

Arizona

None

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Arizona taxable income to the extent of prior Arizona tax deductions. Nonqualified withdrawals for this purpose do not include withdrawals made as the result of the beneficiary's death or disability, withdrawals made on account of the beneficiary's receipt of a scholarship, or rollovers.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Arizona taxable income to the extent of prior Arizona tax deductions. Nonqualified withdrawals for this purpose do not include withdrawals made as the result of the beneficiary's death or disability, withdrawals made on account of the beneficiary's receipt of a scholarship, or rollovers.

AR ABLE

Arkansas

None

The principal portion of rollovers and non-qualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Arkansas taxable income to the extent of prior Arkansas tax deductions.

The principal portion of rollovers and non-qualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Arkansas taxable income to the extent of prior Arkansas tax deductions.

CalABLE

California

None

There is no state tax deduction and therefore no recapture. However, a non-qualified withdrawal by a California taxpayer is subject to an additional 2.5% California penalty tax on the earnings portion, but only if subject to the the additional 10% federal additional penalty tax.

None

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Colorado taxable income to the extent of prior Colorado tax deductions. Nonqualified withdrawals for this purpose do not include withdrawals made as the result of the beneficiary's death or disability or withdrawals made on account of the beneficiary's receipt of a scholarship.

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Colorado taxable income to the extent of prior Colorado tax deductions. Nonqualified withdrawals for this purpose do not include withdrawals made as the result of the beneficiary's death or disability or withdrawals made on account of the beneficiary's receipt of a scholarship.

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Colorado taxable income to the extent of prior Colorado tax deductions. Nonqualified withdrawals for this purpose do not include withdrawals made as the result of the beneficiary's death or disability or withdrawals made on account of the beneficiary's receipt of a scholarship.

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Colorado taxable income to the extent of prior Colorado tax deductions. Nonqualified withdrawals for this purpose do not include withdrawals made as the result of the beneficiary's death or disability or withdrawals made on account of the beneficiary's receipt of a scholarship.

ABLE CT

Connecticut

None

DEPENDABLE

Delaware

None, .

DC ABLE

District of Columbia

None

DC College Savings Plan

District of Columbia

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan, and rollovers within two years of account opening, are included in District of Columbia taxable income to the extent of prior District of Columbia tax deductions. Nonqualified withdrawals for this purpose do not include withdrawals made as the result of the beneficiary's death or disability and withdrawals made on account of the beneficiary's receipt of a scholarship.

Not applicable. Florida does not have a personal income tax.

None

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Georgia taxable income to the extent of prior Georgia tax deductions. Recapture also applies when previously-deducted contributions are withdrawn for expenses deducted under federal section 222.

The entire amount of non-qualified distributions must be included in Idaho taxable income. Outbound rollovers by Idaho taxpayers must be included in Idaho taxable income to the extent of amounts deducted on the Idaho return for the current year and for the prior year, effective January 1, 2008.

Effective January 1, 2007, rollovers from this plan to an out-of-state program are included in Illinois taxable income to the extent of prior Illinois deductions. Effective January 1, 2009, nonqualified distributions from this plan are included in Illinois taxable income to the extent of prior Illinois deductions.

Effective January 1, 2007, rollovers from this plan to an out-of-state program are included in Illinois taxable income to the extent of prior Illinois deductions. Effective January 1, 2009, nonqualified distributions from this plan are included in Illinois taxable income to the extent of prior Illinois deductions.

Rollovers from this plan to an out-of-state program are included in Illinois taxable income to the extent of prior Illinois deductions. Nonqualified distributions from this plan are included in Illinois taxable income to the extent of prior Illinois deductions.

None

An account owner must pay with the Indiana tax return a tax equal to the lesser of 20 percent of a nonqualified withdrawal from this plan, or the excess of (a) the total amount of all Indiana state income tax credits claimed by any contributor to the account for all taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2007 over (b) the total amount of any repayments made for all taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2008. Nonqualified withdrawals for this purpose include rollovers, distributions for K-12 tuition for a school outside of Indiana, education loan repayments (beginning 1/1/2020). Nonqualified withdrawals do not include withdrawals made as the result of the beneficiary's death or disability or withdrawals made on account of the beneficiary's receipt of a scholarship. Recapture will apply to any account terminated within 12 months from account opening date.

An account owner must pay with the Indiana tax return a tax equal to the 20 percent of a nonqualified withdrawal from this plan, to the extent of Indiana tax credits previously claimed. Nonqualified withdrawals for this purpose include rollovers but do not include withdrawals made as the result of the beneficiary's death or disability or withdrawals made on account of the beneficiary's receipt of a scholarship. Recapture will apply to accounts terminated within 12 months from account opening date.

The account owner (not the contributor) must repay all or part of the state income tax credit claimed by contributors in prior taxable years in a taxable year of the Recapture Distribution. A Recapture Distribution is a: non-qualified distribution (other than if the distribution is because of the death or disability of the beneficiary, or if the beneficiary received a scholarship that paid for all or part of the qualified expenses of the beneficiary (to the extent that the withdrawal or distribution does not exceed the amount of the scholarship), or a refunded distribution); distribution used to pay K-12 tuition for a school outside of Indiana; effective January 1, 2020, distribution used to make education loan repayments; rollover distribution; or termination of an account within twelve months after the account was opened.

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Iowa taxable income to the extent of prior Iowa tax deductions.

None

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Iowa taxable income to the extent of prior Iowa tax deductions.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Kansas taxable income to the extent of prior Kansas tax deductions. Rollovers are not subject to recapture.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Kansas taxable income to the extent of prior Kansas tax deductions. Rollovers are not subject to recapture.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Kansas taxable income to the extent of prior Kansas tax deductions. Rollovers are not subject to recapture.

None

LA ABLE

Louisiana

Earnings credited to a LA ABLE Account that are subsequently refunded by LATTA are taxable for Louisiana state income tax purposes.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Louisiana taxable income to the extent of prior Louisiana tax deductions. Rollovers are not subject to recapture.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Maryland taxable income to the extent of prior Maryland tax deductions. Rollovers are not subject to recapture.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Maryland taxable income to the extent of prior Maryland tax deductions. Rollovers are not subject to recapture.

None

None

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Massachusetts taxable income to the extent of prior Massachusetts tax deductions.

U.Plan

Massachusetts

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Massachusetts taxable income to the extent of prior Massachusetts tax deductions.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Michigan taxable income to the extent of prior Michigan tax deductions. Qualified rollovers are not subject to recapture.

MiABLE

Michigan

None

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Michigan taxable income to the extent of prior Michigan tax deductions. Qualified rollovers are not subject to recapture.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Michigan taxable income to the extent of prior Michigan tax deductions. Qualified rollovers are not subject to recapture.

None

In the case of a nonqualified or taxable distribution, the taxpayer is liable to state recapture of their tax benefit in the form of an additional tax for all prior years in which the benefit was claimed. The additional tax is determined by a statutory formula that multiplies the amount of the non-qualified withdrawal or taxable withdrawal by a "credit ratio" and a "subtraction ratio."

- The "credit ratio" is a ratio of (i) two times the total amount of credits that the account owner claimed for contributions to the accounts to (ii) the total contributions in all taxable years to the account owners accounts.

- The "subtraction ratio" is the ratio of (i) the total amount of subtractions that an account owner claimed for contributions to the account owner's accounts to (ii) the total contributions in all taxable years to the account owner's accounts.

The additional tax is calculated as 50% of the product of the credit ratio multiplied by the amount of the non-qualified or taxable withdrawal, plus 10% of the product of the subtraction ratio multiplied by the amount of the non-qualified or taxable withdrawal.

However, the Minnesota additional tax will not apply to any portion of a Non-Qualified Withdrawal that is subject to the federal additional tax.

Mississippi ABLE

Mississippi

None

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Mississippi taxable income to the extent of prior Mississippi tax deductions. A rollover to another 529 plan is not subject to recapture.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Mississippi taxable income to the extent of prior Mississippi tax deductions. A rollover to another 529 plan is not subject to recapture.

MO ABLE

Missouri

None

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Missouri taxable income to the extent of prior Missouri tax deductions.

The principal portion of rollovers, qualified withdrawals within one year of establishing the account, and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are subject to Montana tax at the highest Montana marginal rate to the extent of prior Montana tax deductions, but only after removal of non-deducted contributions.

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Nebraska taxable income to the extent of prior Nebraska tax deductions.

Nebraska state law currently provides for the partial recapture of the Nebraska state income tax deduction when a non-qualified withdrawal is made. Additionally, to the extent that a distribution constitutes a non-qualified withdrawal, the Nebraska Department of Revenue will subject the distribution to partial recapture of the Nebraska state income tax deduction claimed in prior years. In general, a contributor who claimed a Nebraska state income tax deduction in prior years must increase his or her Nebraska taxable income by the amount of the non-qualified withdrawal, but only to the extent previously deducted.

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Nebraska taxable income to the extent of prior Nebraska tax deductions.

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Nebraska taxable income to the extent of prior Nebraska tax deductions.

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Nebraska taxable income to the extent of prior Nebraska tax deductions.

Not applicable. Nevada does not have a personal income tax.

N/A

NJ ABLE

New Jersey

None

ABLE New Mexico

New Mexico

N/A

Scholar's Edge

New Mexico

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in New Mexico taxable income to the extent of prior New Mexico tax deductions.

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in New Mexico taxable income to the extent of prior New Mexico tax deductions.

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are subject to New York tax to the extent of prior New York tax deductions, but only after removal of non-deducted contributions. A rollover for this purpose does not include a trustee-to-trustee transfer between two different accounts in New York's 529 plan.

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are subject to New York tax to the extent of prior New York tax deductions, but only after removal of non-deducted contributions. A rollover for this purpose does not include a trustee-to-trustee transfer between two different accounts in New York's 529 plan.

NY ABLE

New York

None

NC 529 Plan

North Carolina

None.

The NC ABLE Program

North Carolina

None

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Ohio taxable income to the extent of prior Ohio tax deductions. Nonqualified withdrawals for this purpose do not include withdrawals made as the result of the beneficiary's death or disability, withdrawals made on account of the beneficiary's receipt of a scholarship. Offering materials indicate that distributions subsequently rolled over to another 529 plan are subject to Ohio tax recapture; whether or not "trustee to trustee" rollovers are subject to recapture appears unclear.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Ohio taxable income to the extent of prior Ohio tax deductions. Nonqualified withdrawals for this purpose do not include withdrawals made as the result of the beneficiary's death or disability, withdrawals made on account of the beneficiary's receipt of a scholarship. Offering materials indicate that distributions subsequently rolled over to another 529 plan are subject to Ohio tax recapture; whether or not "trustee to trustee" rollovers are subject to recapture appears unclear.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan, and of rollovers to another 529 plan within one year of the date of contribution, are included in Oklahoma taxable income to the extent of prior Oklahoma tax deductions. A nonqualified withdrawal or rollover in the same year as the contribution will reduce the amount eligible for the Oklahoma deduction. A nonqualified withdrawal or rollover during the five-year carryover period will reduce the amount of any carryover deduction. Nonqualified withdrawals for this purpose do not include withdrawals made as the result of the beneficiary's death or disability or withdrawals made on account of the beneficiary's receipt of a scholarship.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan, and of rollovers to another 529 plan within one year of the date of contribution, are included in Oklahoma taxable income to the extent of prior Oklahoma tax deductions. A nonqualified withdrawal or rollover in the same year as the contribution will reduce the amount eligible for the Oklahoma deduction. A nonqualified withdrawal or rollover during the five-year carryover period will reduce the amount of any carryover deduction. Nonqualified withdrawals for this purpose do not include withdrawals made as the result of the beneficiary's death or disability or withdrawals made on account of the beneficiary's receipt of a scholarship.

None

None

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Oregon taxable income to the extent of prior Oregon tax deductions. Rollovers are not subject to recapture.Rollovers are not subject to recapture. K-12 distributions will be subject to state tax recapture if a deduction is claimed. Tax deductions received on K-12 withdrawals will be calculated into the amount owed the state for the current tax year. Also, any earnings tied to the K-12 withdrawal will count also as state taxable income.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Oregon taxable income to the extent of prior Oregon tax deductions. Rollovers are not subject to recapture. K-12 distributions will be subject to state tax recapture if a deduction is claimed. Tax deductions received on K-12 withdrawals will be calculated into the amount owed the state for the current tax year. Also, any earnings tied to the K-12 withdrawal will count also as state taxable income.

PA ABLE

Pennsylvania

None

Nonqualified distributions from any 529 plan are included by Pennsylvania taxpayers in Pennsylvania taxable income to the extent they are not a recovery of nondeductible contributions, following rules set forth in PIT Bulletin 2006-04. Rollovers are not subject to Pennsylvania tax.

Nonqualified distributions from any 529 plan are included by Pennsylvania taxpayers in Pennsylvania taxable income to the extent they are not a recovery of nondeductible contributions, following rules set forth in PIT Bulletin 2006-04. Rollovers are not subject to Pennsylvania tax.

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan within two taxable years of the contribution are included in Rhode Island taxable income to the extent of prior Rhode Island tax deductions.

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan within two taxable years of the contribution are included in Rhode Island taxable income to the extent of prior Rhode Island tax deductions.

RI's ABLE

Rhode Island

None

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in South Carolina taxable income to the extent of prior South Carolina tax deductions. Rollovers apparently are not subject to recapture.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in South Carolina taxable income to the extent of prior South Carolina tax deductions. Rollovers apparently are not subject to recapture.

ABLE TN

Tennessee

None

N/A; Texas does not impose a state income tax on individuals.

my529

Utah

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Utah taxable income to the extent of prior Utah tax deductions or Utah tax credits. Nonqualified withdrawals for this purpose do not include withdrawals eligible for federal penalty waiver.

None

Nonqualified withdrawals from this plan, is defined for the purposes of the tax credit, as all withdrawals except used exclusively for costs at an accredited institution, apprenticeship programs or when the beneficiary has died or has become disabled, are subject to recapture, to the extent of Vermont tax credits previously claimed. Outbound rollovers are not subject to recapture.

ABLEAmerica

Virginia

Any deduction is subject to recapture in the year a withdrawal or refund is made for any reason other than: (1) to pay qualified disability expenses or (2) due to the beneficiary's death or disability.

ABLEnow

Virginia

None

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Virginia taxable income to the extent of prior Virginia tax deductions. Nonqualified withdrawals for this purpose do not include withdrawals made as the result of the beneficiary's death or disability or withdrawals made on account of the beneficiary's receipt of a scholarship.

Invest529

Virginia

The principal portion of rollovers and nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in Virginia taxable income to the extent of prior Virginia tax deductions. Nonqualified withdrawals for this purpose do not include withdrawals made as the result of the beneficiary's death or disability or withdrawals made on account of the beneficiary's receipt of a scholarship.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in West Virginia taxable income to the extent of prior West Virginia tax deductions. Rollovers apparently are not subject to recapture.

SMART529 Select

West Virginia

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in West Virginia taxable income to the extent of prior West Virginia tax deductions. Rollovers apparently are not subject to recapture.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in West Virginia taxable income to the extent of prior West Virginia tax deductions. Rollovers apparently are not subject to recapture.

The principal portion of nonqualified withdrawals from this plan are included in West Virginia taxable income to the extent of prior West Virginia tax deductions. Rollovers apparently are not subject to recapture.

WV ABLE

West Virginia

None

Edvest

Wisconsin

Non-qualified withdrawals & rollovers to other 529 plans must be added back to Wisconsin taxable income unless eligible for the federal non-qualified withdrawal penalty waiver: death or disability of the beneficiary or withdrawals equal to the amount of a scholarship award in such period of such award. Withdrawals taken within 365 days of a contribution must be added back to WI taxable income if previously deducted and the account balance was less than the withdrawal amount prior to the contribution.

Non-qualified withdrawals & rollovers to other 529 plans must be added back to Wisconsin taxable income unless eligible for the federal non-qualified withdrawal penalty waiver: death or disability of the beneficiary or withdrawals equal to the amount of a scholarship award in such period of such award. Withdrawals taken within 365 days of a contribution must be added back to WI taxable income if previously deducted and the account balance was less than the withdrawal amount prior to the contribution.

WY ABLE

Wyoming

N/A