Student loan consolidation deadlines loom

Question

Dear Joe, I graduated from college in December 2005, and am currently in my six-month grace period before I start paying back my $26,000 in student loans. The current rate on the loans is 4.70 percent, and I know they are adjusted annually in July. What are the interest rates expected to do this year? Should I consider consolidating into a fixed rate loan, or stay where I am? Thanks for any advice. -- Robyn

Answer

Dear Robyn,
You're the perfect candidate for loan consolidation. If you do nothing, the interest rate on your Stafford loans will jump to approximately 7 percent on July 1. Part of that increase -- 0.6 percent -- occurs because you will have entered repayment status following the end of your grace period. The rest of the increase comes from the escalation in interest rates over the past year. Because we won't know the precise adjustment until next month's Treasury bill auctions are concluded, I'm basing my estimate of 7 percent on the most recent T-bill auctions plus the federally mandated margin of 2.3 percent.

A federal consolidation loan is a new fixed-rate loan that pays off your existing variable-rate student loans. By applying to your lender for loan consolidation before your grace period ends in June, you have the opportunity to lock in at a fixed rate of 4.75 percent, potentially saving you thousands of dollars in interest costs over the life of your loan. While it's possible that Stafford loan rates will drop back down in future years, most forecasters are not expecting that to happen anytime soon.

Anyone with Stafford loans already in repayment status is eligible to lock in at 5.375 percent before July 1 with a consolidation loan. A borrower still in school can grab the lower 4.75 percent fixed rate through consolidation, but only by first requesting that their loans be put into repayment status by the lender. The student should also request deferment so that the start of repayment can be delayed until graduation. (The grace period will be lost, however.)

Another advantage of loan consolidation is that you can reduce your monthly payments by extending the repayment period to anywhere from 10 to 30 years depending on the size of the loan. A $26,000 consolidation loan qualifies for a 20-year repayment term.

To apply for a federal consolidation loan, contact the lender on your current Stafford loans. If you obtained your Stafford loans through the federal government's direct loan program, you should visit http://loanconsolidation.ed.gov/ to investigate the loan consolidation process.

Parents with outstanding PLUS loans should also consider the benefits of loan consolidation. Certain other types of federal student loans are eligible, as well. When a consolidation loan replaces an assortment of student and parent loans, the interest rate on the consolidation loan is based on the weighted average of the existing loan rates.

For new Stafford and PLUS loans taken out after June 30, 2006, consolidation will no longer offer a rate advantage for most borrowers. That's because recent changes in the law fix the interest rate on these loans at 6.8 percent and 8.5 percent respectively, effective July 1, 2006.